What is Split AC? Benefits & Limitations

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In Brief: What is Split AC?

A split AC has two central components-indoor unit and an outdoor unit. The indoor unit is mounted on the wall, whereas the outdoor unit is placed outside the room. The advanced technology of split ACs provides excellent cooling efficiency. Moreover, the eco-friendly refrigerants used in them do not harm the environment.

The variety of air conditioners is very diverse in the market.

But, split AC seems to gain a lot of buzzes. It is an air conditioner that has two split parts- an indoor and outdoor unit.

The elegant design and better cooling capacity have increased its popularity.

To know more about a split AC, its pros, and cons, give this following article a read!

What is Split AC?

A split AC is composed of two units- the indoor unit and the outdoor unit. The indoor unit consists of parts like a blower and evaporator.

These components collectively supply cool air into the room. However, the outdoor unit contains the compressor and condenser that expel out the hot air outside.

A split AC is called so because the cold and hot units are separated from each other. As compared to a regular window AC, split air conditioners have a large compressor.

This feature allows a split AC to work with high cooling capacity at a quick rate.

With the advancement in technology, nearly most of the split ACs come with inverter technology.

This kind of split ACs has a variable speed compressor that does not require frequent turn-on and turn-off cycles. Due to this, inverter split ACs consume less electrical power.

To know more about a split air conditioner, refer to this video:

Benefits of Split AC

A split AC provides the following benefits:-

Requires less space – Unlike window ACs, split AC requires less space as it can be easily mounted on the top of a wall.

Noise Free – The modern two-unit technology makes the functioning of a split AC noise-free.

Comes with inverter technology – Nowadays, most of the split-type air conditioners come with inverter technology.

Better cooling – The place of application and large compressor of split AC ensures adequate quality cooling.

Variety of tonnage available – The tonnage of a split type AC is not limited to 2 tons only. One can easily find split ACs of more than two tonnages also.

Energy-efficient – The energy efficiency ability of a split AC is evident from its BEE rating. Because the number of 5-star split ACs is relatively high.

Eco-friendly refrigerant – Split AC is eco-friendly because of the cooling refrigerants available in the models, such as R-32 , HFC-32 .

Limitations of Split AC

As the other side of the coin, split AC possess the following limitations:-

Complex installation process – The outdoor and indoor units of a split air conditioner need to be appropriately connected. And, the process of setting up the indoor unit is quite tedious. Thus, the installation process of split AC is not easy.

Difficult servicing – In case of any fault, the servicing of a split sir conditioner costs a lot of money and hard work. The indoor unit of a split-type AC is mounted on the wall. Hence, it would require an extra amount of effort to repair and maintain a split AC.

Expensive – If you compare a split AC with a conventional window AC of the same cooling capacity, spit AC will be costlier.

Where are Split Air Conditioners good to use?

Now that you have seen and understood the pros and cons of split AC. It is the turn to look at the situations where split AC will be useful to use.

As per the noise-free functioning of split ac, it could become an ideal match for every household. Because this type of ACs guarantees a sound sleep along with quick and efficient cooling.

Also, the inverter technology incorporated in most split ACs adds another advantage: power saving. Hence, you can save some pennies on your electricity bill too.

Though, the initial cost and investment of a split AC are more. But this expense is worth all the benefits it provides.


The variety of brands and loads of information available on the internet makes it hard to pick the right AC type.

We hope that our concise and understandable article helped you get some real insights about a split AC.

If you liked our way of providing transparent and verified information, then do let us know!

Click on links to check out about Tower, Window and Inverter ACs